Targets & Initiatives for Sanitation


“Poor waste management has been a public health issue in Freetown for quite some time Communities will benefit in terms of health, there be less expenditure on illnesses related to poor waste management and a better quality of life by reduction of garbage in the community. ”

Councillor Abdul Karim Turay, Ward 446, Juba/Kaningo

Target 1

Ensure that 60% of Freetown’s solid and liquid waste is safely collected, managed and disposed of by 2022

Initiative 1




Establish efficient, effective and sustainable disposal management for solid and liquid waste by,

  • Improved management of existing facilities
  • Upgrading Kingtom and Waterloo dumpsites into engineered landfills where technically/ environmentally appropriate
  • Safely closing Kissy dumpsite
  • Introduce decentralized faecal sludge disposal and treatment units and upgrade existing polders at Kingtom
  • Conducting a feasibility study at existing dumpsites to include: use of weigh bridge & pilot a Material Recovery Facility to determine viability of expansion
  • Delivering of a pilot decentralized unit to convert organic waste to energy with potential for citywide scale
  • Identifying an appropriate new sanitary landfill and liquid waste treatment site(s) within the Western Area

Initiative 2




Identify and  sustainably remove all existing illegal dumpsites by,

  • Involving the private sector to clear existing illegal dumpsites and linking clearance with communities via the cleanest zone competition
  • Ensuring FCC enforcement and community ownership to keep their areas clean once removed

Initiative 3




Ensure community engagement and ownership by establishing cleanest zone in Freetown competition by,

  • First prize for cleanest zone of 10 solar powered street lights, a water point, road paved with recycled plastic tiles and 10 school scholarships to cover cost of uniforms, etc. (5 junior and 5 secondary, for 6 girls and 4 boys)
  • 4 runner-up prizes where the community can choose one of the options
  • Independent panel of judges to be appointed
  • Current baseline level of cleanliness set for each zone by an inspection
  • Secret inspection followed by final inspection first week of December 2018
  • Winners determined by increase in cleanliness against the baseline to ensure fairness
  • Prizes to be award in March 2019, then every 6 months thereafter
  • Criteria for winning are cleanliness of streets, drainage, etc.; beautification (greenery, street art); sustainability (one off clean or system implemented) and innovation

Initiative 4




Establish a sustainable solid & liquid waste management system, which includes solid waste separation at source, by establishing an appropriate zoning system with capable private sector companies servicing each zone, using community-based businesses in a sub-contracting or franchise model by the following methods tested by a pilot scheme:


  • Review existing & where necessary implement new legislation/bye-laws
  • Enforce legislation & bye-laws
  • Implement demand & supply monitoring system (physical & electronic)
  • Ensure consistent standards for operators


  • Establish of Freetown Waste Mgmt Association & consultation with current industry operators
  • Zoning
  • Registration system for all operators
  • Tariff incentives for waste separation
  • Consistent tariff system
  • Functional transfer stations
  • PEP models where appropriate
  • Community ownership and engagement of community structures

Private sector engagement

  • Making the link between community-based businesses & capable private sector companies
  • Training and empowering community solid & liquid waste mgmt. businesses to enable them to become sustainable businesses & expand services to cover all 48 wards
  • Business training (financial, operations, H&S)
  • Sustainable investment in equipment using appropriate industry & donor support


Target 2

Ensure that 40% of all Freetown’s plastic waste is recycled by 2022

Initiative 1




Promote and support the reduction, re-use and recycling of plastic, by

  • Separation of plastics at source by householders and institutions
  • Providing support to recycling enterprises
  • In collaboration with other stakeholders, developing an appropriate plastics waste and recycling policy